Nigeria remains Africa’s biggest oil producer despite production drop

Despite recording a decline in crude oil production for the month of May, 2024, Nigeria still retained its position as the biggest crude oil producer in Africa trailed by Angola and Libya

Nigeria’s average crude oil production fell to 1.25 million barrels daily in May from 1.28 million bpd recorded in April 2024.

This represents a decline of 30 thousand bpd when compared to the 1.28 million bpd recorded in the previous month of April and the second lowest in 2024. 

This is according to the OPEC Monthly Oil Market (MOMR) for the month of May which put total crude oil supply by OPEC+ members at 40.9 million bpd according to secondary sources. 

The average crude oil production of 1.25 million bpd for the month under review represents the second lowest crude oil production in 2024 only exceeding the crude oil production in March which stood at 1.23 million. 

However, according to secondary sources, Nigeria’s crude oil production increased by 74,000 barrels from 1.34 million bpd to 1.41 million bpd in the month under review.

According to the report, the worldwide growth in demand for crude oil in May was the same as the previous month at 2.2 million. However, it projected daily crude oil demand across the globe to reach 104.5 mb/d in 2024.

In May, the average crude oil price according to OPEC Reference Basket (ORB) decreased by $5.53, or 6.2 per cent, month-on-month, averaging $83.59 per barrel.

Oil futures prices also saw a decline, with the ICE Brent front-month contract dropping by $6.00, or 6.7 per cent, to an average of $83.00 per barrel. 

The crude oil production for the month at 1.25 million bpd represents the 5th consecutive time Nigeria will fail to produce oil that meets its OPEC production quota or 2024 budget benchmark thereby reducing projected revenue.